Type C Photometry is used to indicate the light distribution for architectural
lighting products (interior and area lighting luminaires). Type
B Photometry is used for floodlight distributions.
When viewing Type C polar curves in PTB, the horizontal cone and vertical
slice through the maximum candela point is shown by default. In general,
this is analogous to viewing the photometric web in Plan and Section view
at the most luminous location.
Begin by looking at the horizontal cone (the Plan View). This shape
indicates the horizontal directionality of the luminaire with respect
to its testing position and any symmetry it exhibits.
- Symmetric Distribution - A symmetric distribution
will appear as a circular cone at the outmost edge of the polar plot.
- Quadrilateral Symmetry - A quadrilaterally symmetrical
distribution will present a horizontal cone that is symmetrical in each
of the four quadrants of the polar plot. The horizontal cone may be square,
elliptical or irregular, however, each quadrant is exactly the same as
the other three.
- Bilateral Symmetry - A bilaterally symmetric distribution
presents a horizontal cone that is symmetric about the 0-180 horizontal
plane. These photometric distributions generally present a more directional
thrown towards the Street Side (forward throw).Another case of bilateral
symmetry occurs when the luminaire is tested such that it is symmetrical
about the 90-270 photometric plane.
- Asymmetric Distribution - An asymmetric distribution
presents a horizontal cone that contains no symmetry or one that is symmetrical
in a manner not described by the symmetrical distributions described previously.
House Side / Street Side - Horizontal values between 270°
are in front of the luminaire and are referenced as "Street Side".
Horizontal values between 90°
are behind the luminaire and are referenced as "House Side".
(This assumes counterclockwise rotation).
The Vertical plane is also taken through the maximum candela angle.
When viewing the Vertical plane, you are looking at a section of the photometric
web from the side, perpendicular to the maximum candela angle.
The vertical plane provides us with the luminaire's vertical distribution
type and cutoff characteristics.
- The horizontal line separating the upper and lower
portions of the polar plot represents Horizon. When the vertical plane
is shown below the Horizon, the distribution produces light in the downward
direction. When the vertical plane is shown above the Horizon, the distribution
produces light in the upward direction. When the vertical plane is shown
above and below Horizon, the luminaire produces both uplight and downlight
(not necessarily equally).
- The horizontal symmetry discussed in Plan View
will also be apparent in Section View.
- Cutoff characteristics - Cutoff classifications
are based on the proportion of the maximum candela value present at 80° and above.
- The vertical angle that produces the maximum candela
is displayed in Section view. This information describes how wide or narrow
the luminaire distribution is.
Narrow Distribution (Vertical Plane)
Wide Distribution (Vertical Plane)