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Calculations UGR Concepts

The Unified Glare Rating calculations available in AGi32 are calculated in accordance with the CIE document CIE 117-1995 - Discomfort Glare in Interior Lighting. The CIE definition of Discomfort Glare is "glare that causes discomfort without necessarily impairing the vision of objects". Glare which impairs the vision of objects is termed Disability Glare and is not covered in this metric.

UGR values generally range from 10 to 30 where a high value indicates significant discomfort glare, and a low value indicates little discomfort glare. Electric lighting systems producing UGR values of 10 or less are assumed to produce no discomfort. In AGi32, all calculated UGR values of less than 10 are rounded to 10.

UGR Formula

where

Lb is the background luminance (cd/m2);
L
is the luminance of the luminous parts of each luminaire in the direction of the observer's eye (cd/m2);
w
is the solid angle of the luminous parts of each luminaire at the observer's eye (sr);
r
is the Guth position index for each luminaire (displacement from the line of sight);

UGR Limitations

UGR and Discomfort Glare Criteria

One UGR unit represents the least detectable step in discomfort glare evaluation, and three UGR units represent an acceptability step in glare criteria. Average UGR value range from 10-13-16-19-22-25-28. The relationship between calculated UGR value and Hopkinson's discomfort glare criteria is as follows:

UGR

Discomfort Glare Criterion

10

Imperceptible

13

Just perceptible

16

Perceptible

19

Just acceptable

22

Unacceptable

25

Just uncomfortable

28

Uncomfortable

 

Correlated UGR and VCP Values

Visual Comfort Probability (VCP) is a measure of discomfort glare for interior lighting applications. According to the IES Handbook, 9th Edition, page 9-26: "The visual comfort probability (VCP) is the probability that a normal observer does not experience discomfort when viewing a lighting system under defined conditions. ... This system was tested and validated using lensed direct fluorescent systems only. VCP should not be applied to very small sources such as incandescent and high-intensity discharge luminaires, to very large sources such as ceiling and indirect systems, or to non-uniform sources such as parabolic reflectors." With these caveats in mind, UGR can be correlated with VCP for lighting systems that consist of luminaires that fall within the scope of the definition of VCP. The following table shows this correlation.

UGR

VCP Equivalent

11.6

90%

16

80%

19

70%

21.6

60%

24

50%